Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (2023)

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Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (1)

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  • With over 270 million people living across the archipelago, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world. In 2018, the population density in Indonesia was at about 142.57 people per square kilometer and almost 60 percent of the Indonesian population resides on Java Island, making the island the world's most populous island. Javanese, Sundanese, and Malays are the three largest ethnic groups amongst Indonesia’s hundreds of ethnic groups. Other ethnicities like Batak, Madurese, Betawi, Minangkabau, Buginese, Dayak, Sasak, and Chinese, make up the remaining rest of the population.Indonesia also has the largest Islamic population in the world. Over 87% of Indonesia’s population identify themselves as Muslim. Despite being the largest Muslim-majority country, the archipelago is a multifaith country by the constitution and officially recognizes six religions – Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

    Population structure in the Indonesian archipelago

    Consisting of more than seventeen thousand islands, the Indonesian archipelago also includes some of the world’s biggest and famous islands such as Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, New Guinea, and Bali. However, for the past centuries, developments in Indonesia have focused more on Java Island, attracting people to move here, which leads to an unequal distribution of the population.Java Island has the highest number of people living below the poverty line in Indonesia. However, the share of its total population is still low in comparison to other Indonesian islands in Eastern Indonesia. Maluku, Papua, Bali, and Nusa Tenggara have the highest share of the population living below the poverty line in Indonesia. The unique geographical situation and unequal infrastructure development across Indonesia means that the population structure of the nation varies considerably by islands than provinces.

    In the next decades, Indonesia’s overall rate of population growth will be steadily declining. However, it is also predicted to still experience substantial population growth by 2030, with an increase of 25 million from its current total population. Indonesia’s economy, health, and living situation have also been improving as Indonesia’s life expectancy has been increasing since the country has gained independence.

    The gender gap in Indonesia

    Unlike other Asian countries that have been trying to enhance their population growth, the Indonesian government is trying to convince Indonesians to have fewer children. From their effort in promoting later marriages and family planning, Indonesia has been profiting from these programs greatly. It allows a higher proportion of children to be enrolled in school in Indonesia. As of 2018, the primary school completion rate for males in Indonesia was only slightly higher than that of females. Indonesia’s decreasing adolescent fertility rates also imply that there is a rising age at marriage and increased educational and economic opportunities for young women in Indonesia.

    Although the number of Indonesian women that attended school has been increasing, it is not uncommon that women in Indonesia are told to have a lower educational attainment than men in order to have a better chance at securing a husband. The traditional family unit and gender roles still form the basis of Indonesian society. Women having children is favorable over pursuing a career or personal development. However, despite having a relatively high index score on Global Gender Gap for educational attainment, the Gender Gap Index score for wage equality for similar work in Indonesia remains low.

    This text provides general information. Statista assumes no liability for the information given being complete or correct. Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date data than referenced in the text.

    Published by Statista Research Department, Jan 10, 2023

    Key insights

    Total population in Indonesia
    272.25m people

    Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (3)

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    Total population of Indonesia 2027

    Share of women in Indonesian population

    Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (4)

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    Share of population in Indonesia 2011-2020, by gender

    Share of children in Indonesian population

    Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (5)

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    Children as a percentage of the population in Indonesia 2013-2022

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    Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (51)

    Topic: Demographics of Indonesia (52)

    Vayola Jocelyn

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    (Video) How did Indonesia become Muslim?


    What is the demographic profile of Indonesia? ›

    275,122,131 (July 2021 est.) Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)

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    What is the ethnic distribution in Indonesia? ›

    Ethnic groupPopulation (million)Percentage
    13 more rows

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    What is the population report of Indonesia? ›

    The current population of Indonesia is 280,932,143 as of Thursday, January 26, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Indonesia 2020 population is estimated at 273,523,615 people at mid year according to UN data.

    See More
    What is the age distribution of Indonesia? ›

    Indonesia: Age structure from 2011 to 2021
    Characteristic0-14 years65 years and older
    7 more rows
    Jan 11, 2023

    Continue Reading
    What are the 5 demographic factors? ›

    The five main demographic segments are age, gender, occupation, cultural background, and family status.

    Learn More Now
    What are 5 demographic characteristics? ›

    Examples of demographic characteristics include age, race, gender, ethnicity, religion, income, education, home ownership, sexual orientation, marital status, family size, health and disability status, and psychiatric diagnosis."

    Read The Full Story
    What religion are the demographics of Indonesia? ›

    In 2018 Indonesian governmental statistics, 86.7% of Indonesians identified themselves as Muslim (with Sunnis about 99%, Shias about 1% and Ahmadis 0.2%), Christianity (7.6% Protestantism, 3.12% Catholicism), 1.74% Hindu, 0.77% Buddhist, 0.03% Confucian and 0.05% others.

    Get More Info
    What is the main race in Indonesia? ›

    The Javanese constitute Indonesia's largest ethnic group, accounting for roughly one-third of the total population. Most Javanese live in the densely settled, irrigated agricultural regions of central and eastern Java—the most populous parts of the country.

    Read More
    What are the 3 main ethnic groups? ›

    White is the most common race in the United States. It usually refers to people from Europe or the Middle East (such as Germany, England, and Italy) Black or African-American refers to people from most parts of Africa. Asian refers to people from countries in Asia (such as China, Japan, South Asia, or the Philippines).

    Tell Me More
    What type of people are Indonesian? ›

    Around 95% of Indonesians are Native Indonesians (formerly grouped as "Pribumi"), with 40% Javanese and 15% Sundanese forming the majority, while the other 5% are Indonesians with ancestry from foreign origin, such as Arab Indonesians, Chinese Indonesians, Indian Indonesians, and Indos.

    Learn More

    What is the most popular social media in Indonesia? ›

    According to a survey on social media usage in Indonesia conducted in February 2022, Facebook was the most used social media platform among Indonesian users, as stated by approximately 41.6 percent of the respondents.

    Read More
    What US city has the largest Indonesian population? ›

    Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Indonesian population, 2019
    Metro areaIndonesian population
    Los Angeles14,000
    New York7,000
    Riverside-San Bernardino, CA6,000
    San Francisco4,000
    6 more rows
    Apr 29, 2021

    Find Out More
    What are the 4 demographic categories? ›

    There are six major types of demographic segmentation: Age, gender, occupation, income, education, and family status. However, you can target other demographics that suit more the product or service you offer, such as ethnicity or religion.

    Know More
    What are the 4 demographic factors? ›

    When demographers attempt to forecast changes in the size of a population, they typically focus on four main factors: fertility rates, mortality rates (life expectancy), the initial age profile of the population (whether it is relatively old or relatively young to begin with) and migration.

    Discover More
    What are the four main demographics? ›

    Gender, age, marital status and income are among the demographics that further define your primary target audience.

    Know More


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